This species has been listed as ‘Vulnerable’ in the IUCN Red List because of the large scale destruction of wet evergreen forest throughout its range; the. Descriptions and articles about the Azobe, scientifically known as Lophira alata in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Brief Summary; Distribution;. Summary. Found in Western tropical Africa, Niam Tree or Lophira alata is an extremely large tree growing usually about m tall. It has a long, narrow crown.

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The trunk of the azobe is usually straight, without buttressesbut sometimes with a swollen base 2 4 5and is usually clear of branches up to about 30 metres 5. Also known as ekki, ironwood, red ironwood. Team WILD, an elite squadron of science superheroes, needs your help! Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn lophiga Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival.

Not all trees bear fruit annually, and it has been reported from Guinea that mast years occur only every 3—4 years.

Glossary Buttress The flared base of certain tree trunks. Seedlings form a taproot with many very fine lateral roots. Sapwood The lophirz, soft wood between the bark of a tree and its inner, non-living heartwood.

Share on Facebook Tweet Send email. It is abundant in sedimentary river basins along the Atlantic coast, generally on dry land, but sometimes also, but more thinly spread, in periodically flooded forest behind mangroves or along the edges of marshes, rarely inside marshes.

The texture is coarse; the grain usually interlocked; lustre low; there is no characteristic odour or taste. The grain is usually interlocked, texture variable to lpohira.

Lophira alata Images – Useful Tropical Plants

In Congo powdered bark mixed with palm oil and mineral salt is administered to treat heart problems, costal pain and coughing up blood.


In tropical waters the resistance is only moderate. The heartwood is dark red, chocolate brown, or purple brown with conspicuous white deposits in the vessels; it is clearly demarcated from the 2 – 5cm wide band of pale pink sapwood; there is an intermediate zone between the heartwood and sapwood.

A notable application is for rails for metro carriages in Paris running on pneumatic tyres. This usually leads lophiea fertilisation, the development of seeds and, eventually, a new plant.

The plant is a pioneer species and is representative of a disturbed forest[ ]. The leaves can be used in mulch to help control termites, and an edible and odourless oil from the seeds is used as a food and to make alatta and soaps 2 7 8. The rates of shrinkage are high, from green to oven dry 5. In traditional medicine in Gabon, the bark is applied topically to treat kidney problems. Azobe habitat Found in wet evergreen forest, moist deciduous forest, freshwater swamp forest and gallery forestazobe is a pioneer species, able to colonise open and disturbed areas, such as forest edges, clearings, the sides of roads and rivers, and even savannas and abandoned cultivated areas 1 2 7.

Seedling with hypogeal germination; epicotyl 8—14 cm long; cotyledons remaining in seed coat, c.

They are also taken against kidney pain and toothache. It is normally processed by sawing, and is not suitable for peeling or slicing for veneer. Once dry, the wood is very unstable in service.

Lophira alata Banks ex Gaertn. The bark is typically red-brown in colour, up to two centimetres thick, and has a bright yellow layer underneath.

Seeds are collected from under mother trees; bark for medicinal purposes is normally harvested with a machete. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. In Nigeria a similar mixture is used against cough, fever and jaundice. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Ring weeding is required to avoid competition for water, nutrients and light, and when plants are well established, more complete weedings can be carried out.


Fruits develop quickly and ripen after 6—8 weeks, generally in January—April, but ripe fruits can be found on the tree also later, sometimes till May—June. Drying should be done slowly because of a high risk of deformation, surface checking and splitting. Retrieved from ” https: However, improved protection, better management of existing forest reserves, and intensified regeneration work are all considered essential conservation measures to protect this heavily utilised rainforest tree 1 7.

Further inland, Lophira alata occurs more scattered, and is mainly found in valleys and on the banks of greater rivers. Lophira alata is one of the most exploited forest trees of tropical Africa.

Lophira alata Images

The distribution of bole diameters over size classes forms a bell-shaped curve, indicating that the recruitment of young trees is not assured under the cover of adult trees. The bark is credited with analgesic and sedative properties and is used to treat convulsions, epilepsy, eye problems and yaws.

Which species are on the road to recovery? Azobe adapts to a range of soil types and tends to prefer fairly flat ground, generally at elevations below metres 2. In the nursery plantlets are spaced at 10—15 cm, and have to be exposed to full sunlight soon. Both biflavonoids were obtained in small quantities, and their structures show some new and unusual biflavonoid diversity. Australia – New South Wales, Queensland. Air layering is possible. Leaves of Lophira alata are often attacked by an insect, causing 4—5 cm large galls on both surfaces.

Accessed 13 November