Ivan Andreyevich Krylov, The Wolf and the Lamb. Always are the weak at fault before the strong. In history we hear a host of examples, But. Ivan Krylov has been loved by Russian people for two hundred years for his Fables, works in which he gently satirizes the manifold. LibriVox recording of Kriloff’s Fables, by Ivan Andreevich Kriloff (Ivan Krylov). Read by Kevin W. Davidson. Herein is a collection of 86 fables.
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Russian writer of fables in the tradition of Aesop and La Fontaine. Krylov satirized social and individual faults in the guise of beasts, producing fables in nine books. They are still an integral part of Russian primary and secondary education.
Krylov was in his country one of the great representatives of the Age of Reason. His writings appeared in a period marked by increasingly repressive rule in Russia. Ivan Andreyevich Krylov was born in a provincial town near St. Petersburg jrylov an impoverished military family, at the very bottom jrylov the noble class. During the Pugachev Rebellion the family lived in Orenburg, which was besieged by the rebels.
After being defeated in the battle, Yemelyan Pugachev swore to hang Captain Krylov and his family. At an early age Krylov played the violin and composed poetry. He performed in innumerable family concerts, in quartets with the best virtuosi of the day, and lrylov a soloist.
Krylov’s mother, who was described as “a simple-minded woman, who had received scarcely any education,” did her best to obtain a good education for her son. His literary talents impressed the local landlord Nikolay Lvov, who had him tutored alongside his own children. Eventually Krylov became one of the most cultured persons of his time, who had a good command of the major European languages.
At the age of fifty he mastered classical Greek. Madame Krylov paid her servant two roubles a year. In Krylov was transferred from Tver to St. Petersburg, Krylov became the center of a small intellectual circle.
Ivan Andreyevich Krylov
Novikov, a publisher and philanthropist, and Alexander N. Radishchev, a senior civil servant, he edited a satirical magazine entitled The Spirits’ Mailbox Pochta dukhovwhich published social commentary in the guise of letters written by spirits and other figures from the underworld and soon had troubles with the censor.
Krylov’s own contributions include ‘Kaib, An Oriental Tale’which denounced the czarist autocracy, and the ‘Eulogy to the Memory of My Grandfather’a satire in faboes spirit of Enlightenment. Krylov faced political persecution from the repressive government of Catherine the Great. Krylov’s printing house — he owned a printing press that occupied a whole room — was searched in and he was placed under police surveillance. His collaborators Novikov was imprisoned and Radishchev exiled to Siberia.
Krylov’s writings in the satirical papers Zritel’ the Spectatorand fabled short-lived Sankt-Peterburgskii Merkuriihad infuriated the censors, and he went c. During the following years, Krylov travelled widely, led a careless life but also experienced some hard times, which made him more reluctant to express his opinions openly.
Only two plays, the comedy The Pie and a mock tragedy Trumpf can be dated from kkrylov period.
Ivan Andreyevich Krylov | Russian author |
To earn his living, Krylov taught children in the household of Prince Sergei Golitsyn, arranged musical and theatrical entertainments, and served for a period as Golitsyn’s secretary, when he was appointed military governor of Livonia.
While in Riga, he gambled a lot. This work was about two sisters, who fall in love with a French valet disguised as a noble suitor, simply because of his appearance. Ralston, fablles edition,pp. In Krylov began krylv translate the fables of Jean de La Fontaine, but he soon found that he could write fables of his own — with a sharper edge and keener social commentary.
He had become associated with the cultural circle of A. Olenin, which advocated the creation of national literature.
Olenin was the director of the Imperial Library from toand made it into a central of intellectual activity. Krylov published his first collection of fables Basni inand the second Novyia basni two years later.
These books brought him tremendous popular success, and also received positive response from the imperial family. Having found his calling in the fable, Krylov devoted himself entirely to this genre. Moreover, he had good appetite and he smoked “from thirty-five to fifty cigars a day. While on duty, he used to lie on a sofa reading novels all day, just to kill time. Krilof and His Fablestranslated by W. Ralston,3rd edition, pp. When Alexander I promised to support Krylov if he wrote “well”, he did not write anything after ‘The Cat and the Nightingale,’ directed against censorship, ‘The Grandee,’ about St.
Krylov often dealt with human follies, but also social defects, and current events. Krylov died in St. Petersburg on November 21, On his deathbed, he sent to his friend a copy of the last edition of his fables as a farewell gift. His last words were, “Lord, forgive me my trespasses!
Some of Krylov’s writings were not published until s, among them the satire ‘Multi-colored Sheep,’ about Alexander I’s policies. In it The Lion doesn’t tolerate multi-colored sheeps, but as a merciful ruler of animals it cannot destroy them directly. It asks the advice of the Fox, who says that it should hire a wolf as their shepherd. After some time the sheeps disappear completely. The rest of the animals explain this to themselves that the Lion is good but the Wolf is a bad robber.
Trumpf, an attack on the regime of Paul Ipassed the censors in Krylov’s close friends included Ivan Gnedich, translator of Iliad, and Aleksandr Pushkin, whose first line in Evgenii Onegin is a reworking of a line from Krylov. In the last decades of his life, the fabulist was a familiar sight in St. Petersburg’s drawing rooms, “where he used to sit for whole evenings without opening his mouth, his little eyes half shut or gazing vacantly, with an air of boredom and indifference to all around.
The canonized image of a wise and kindly ‘Grandpapa Krylov’ fabes far from the unsentimental ian of his works, his social criticism and bitter view uvan human nature: Is always in vian wrong. Krylov also satirized other writers, including Ekaterina Sumarokovathe first Russian woman poet to publish. Krylov mocked her in the play Prokazniki as “Mrs Chatterbox”. Krylov’s fables blend naturalistic characterization of the animal with an allegorical portrayal of basic human types.
His miniature dramas capture problematic situations common to all of his readers — such as relations between people of the different caste and class. His judgments were founded on common sense. An unyielding critic of Gallomania throughout his literary career, Krylov dealt with the Napoleonic Wars in uvan such as ‘Wolf in Dog Kennel’ and ‘Friendship of Dogs’ — Bonaparte was of course the wolf.
In the latter two dogs decide to be friends and help each other but they break all promises immediately when a bone is thrown between them. Krylov referred in the tale to the peace negotiations of the Vienna Congress of Arguing against this label, Gogol wrote, “He who would call Krylov a fable writer in the sense that La Fontaine. Krylov’s fables are a national treasure and constitute the people’s own book of wisdom”. Both of them will always remain their countrymen’s favorites,” Pushkin commented the introduction.
Choose another writer in this calendar: Ivan Andreyevich Krylov Afbles save you from a foolish friend; The too officious fool is worse than any foe. Mirsky ; Ivan Kryloved. Poeziia narodnoi mudrosti by V. Gordin ; Poet i mudrets by V. Krilof and his Fables, translated by C. Ralston Polnoe sobranie basen I. Krylova, Kriloff’s Fables, translated by C.
Sapozhnikova Basni, illustrated by A. Lapteva Sochineniia, 2 vols. Basni, 5th ed. Skobeleva Krylov’s Birds and Beasts, translated by E. Ralphs Polnoe sobranie dramaticheskikh sochinenii, ed.