Ring of the Dove: Ibn Ḥazm: Literary activities: One delightful example is The Ring of the Dove (Ṭawq al-ḥamāmah), on the art of love. Probably best known for. A Bird after Love: Ibn’ Hazm’s. The Ring of the Dove (Tawq al- Hamāmah) and the Roots of Courtly Love. Nazan Yıldız. Hacettepe University. Ibn Hazm paints a gorgeous picture, for example, of how our souls all come from the same great whole, which is shattered into pieces. When we meet someone.

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His only prayer was to be united with and to be possessed of the one he loved, despite the enormity of his sufferings thhe the long protraction of his cares. Being the son of such a man, to whom he always refers as ” the late vizier “, Ibn Hazm enjoyed a happy though secluded ibj, and the advantages of an excellent education; he tells us that most of his early teachers were women.

One of my friends has called another poem of mine, from which the next extract comes, ” The Imaginative Perception “. His poetry, of which he appears to have had a considerable conceit, is in truth very mediocre, and we need shed few tears over its cavalier treatment at the hands of the scribe; nevertheless it is not wholly lacking in merit, and tthe in translation it comes out somewhat pedestrian and humdrum-and the fault is not entirely the translator’s-yet for all that it succeeds to some extent in fulfilling the author’s purpose of varying the pitch and pattern of his composition.

And so, where’re thou dost precede, None following lags far behind, But with thy mounting light to lead All see the way, and triumph find. Here, if you will, is a sufficient proof of the eye’s power of perception. The soul must first be made aware of its points of resemblance and concord with its fellow-soul; it must confront its own hidden temperaments with the corresponding temperaments of the beloved. This statement is confirmed by the fact that Love, as we know, is of various kinds.

How much more then should the same factors operate within the soul, whose world is pure and etherial, whose substance is volatile and perfectly poised, whose constituent principle is so disposed as to be intensely sensitive to harmony, inclination, yearning, aversion, passionate desire and antipathy.

The following verses were written by me to commemorate this friendship. As for the Chapter on Separation, its true opposite would be contiguity of dwellings; but contiguity is not one of the themes of Love, which we are at present engaged in discussing. Another sign of Love is that you will see the lover loving his beloved’s kith and kin and the intimate ones of his household, to such an extent that they are nearer and dearer to him than his own folk, himself, and all his familiar friends.

He is content, to justify His claim that he has chosen well, Upon a logic to rely Hazzm has some substance, truth to tell. Thereupon her -aversion would be rint into excessive love, extreme affection, and quite shameless infatuation; whereas formerly she was irritated to be in his company, now she could not endure to be parted from him.


Someone remarked, “Actions speak louder than words! Let none find fault with me or object to my use of the term “conjoining “, for those who have knowledge of the stars speak of the meeting of two stars in a single degree as a ” conjunction “.

Next to this is the love, which springs from kinship; then the love of familiarity and the sharing of identical aims; the love of comradeship and acquaintance; the love, which is rooted in rnig benevolent regard for one’s fellow; the love that results from coveting the loved one’s worldly elevation; the love that is based upon a shared secret which both must conceal; love for the sake of getting enjoyment and satisfying desire; and passionate love, that has no other cause but that union of souls to which we have referred above.

I have meditated upon this theme in verse as follows. Of these the first is the brooding gaze: For the sad but plain truth is that extremely few Arabic books translate well.

Then it is that the complaints begin, the assignations, the reproaches, the plighting of eternal troths. Then and then only will veritable union be consummated, and that without further let or hindrance. I have a line or two referring to this. My eye no other place of rest Discovers, save with thee; Men say the lodestone is possessed Of a like property. His father was a high official in the service of al-Mansur, regent of Hisham II, and of his son al-Muzaffar; al-Mansur and al-Muzaffar were members of the Banu ‘Amir who had succeeded in arrogating to themselves all the power and privileges of the Caliphate but its name.

Such a man is a sincere and devoted lover, and not he who apes the manners of folk with whom he has no connexion whatever, and pretends to a character which belongs to him not at all. Love-may God exalt you!

Huma Rashid’s review of The Ring Of The Dove: A Treatise On The Art And Practice Of Arab Love

Refresh and try again. That’s his idea, which I found quite charming. In the Russian savant D.

Another sign of Love is the way the lover pays attention to the beloved; remembering everything that falls from his lips; searching out all the news about him, so that nothing small or great that happens to him may escape his knowledge; in short, following closely his every movement.

I do not consider, that this was any kind of affectation on their part; on the contrary, it was their true and natural disposition to admire such eccentric qualities; sove chose them unreservedly, they thought none other worthy of regard, and in the very depths of their souls they did not believe otherwise. My love for thee shall aye endure As now, most perfect and most pure; It brooks no increase, no decline, Since it’s complete, and wholly thine. They spoke in glowing terms of thee, But when at last I chanced to see That they described, at once I knew Their words were thd and untrue.

I have a poem or two on this theme also.

Passion had lodged itself in his breast, and he strove to deny it; but in the end the matter became so obviously serious that everyone divined it in his behaviour, whether he happened previously to be aware of it or not. Many of these lessons were naturally rejected with horror by the strictly religious, but they left their impress on Arabic literature.


In one section, he talks about lovers finding that spark, but needing some help in getting together. These conditions also obtain in the relations between friends and comrades, as Hazj shall show in a personal reminiscence. Notwithstanding all, this, in setting out certain of these chapters we have in fact varied the order apportioned in the course of this opening chapter of the treatise.

One moment he is all smiles, lightly gesticulating; the next, and he has become completely boxed up, sluggish, distrait, rigid, too weary to utter a single word, irritated by the most innocent question. Behold, where first I set my pen The tears have made my writing plain, But as I came to close, ah! Then blessed be God, Who did design His creatures ov symmetrical, And fashioned thee a light to or In natural beauty over all.

This if I win, the earth’s expanse, And all mankind, are but as dust, Yea, the wide world’s inhabitants Are flies that crawl upon its crust. This is what you see when you look into a mirror; in that situation you are as it were looking at yourself through the eyes of another.

Of these, ten are concerned with the root-principles of Love, the first being the immediately following chapter on the Signs of Love. My actual disposition of the material is therefore as follows.

Ring of the Dove

If the lover detects rihg sign of sympathy and encouragement, he then proceeds further. We will not remove any content for bad language alone, or being critical of a particular book. Moreover my friends make me shy to write about their adventures after their own private ways and habits; so I have been satisfied to mention here only what has hazj to me, within the terms of reference you have prescribed, in every case attributing the incident to myself.

This and the like are the shifts resorted to in the first stages of the love-quest. The latter sort of man asserts indeed that he chooses at will whom he will love; but if love had really taken possession of his powers of discernment, if love had extirpated his native reason and swept away his natural discretion, then love would have so dominated his soul that he would no longer be free to pick and choose, as he so boasts to do.

The subject is very common in the poetry of al-Nazzam Ibrahim Ibn Saiyar and of other scholastics; I myself have treated the topic in the verses, which follow.

Among the accidents of Love may be mentioned an extreme impatience under affliction, such a paroxysm of emotion as completely overwhelms the lover and leaves him speechless, as when he sees his beloved turning from him in undisguised aversion.

Weeping is a well-known sign of Love; except that men differ very greatly from one another in this particular.