Fragile Páramo Ecosystem in Colombia Threatened by Coal and Gold produced the first comprehensive atlas of the Colombian páramos. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research. The most recent document available for Colombia is the “Atlas de Paramos de Colombia”. El Páramo El Almorzadero se sitúa entre los departamentos Norte de Santander y Santander, en el municipio de Cerrito y de Chitagá. El cual.

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This flora includes a number of endemic species and some taxa phylogenetically related to temperate lineages van der Hammen and Cleef For five years, we conducted botanic explorations in order to quantify the richness of angiosperm flora in these units.

The expeditions allowed the identification of 21 species not previously registered in Antioquia and a considerable number of endemisms 35 speciesfurther proof of the high plant diversity in these ecosystems.

The Department of Antioquia, located colokbia northwestern Colombia, covers an area of 63, km 2comparable to the areas of countries such as Costa Rica 51, km 2 or Sri Lanka 65, km 2.

Such inventories have allowed the development of more detailed analyses with regards to the evolution and classification of these areas.


We collected in different periods and climatic seasons in order to paramps a higher number of plants in bloom or with fruits. We thoroughly documented Angiosperm specimens collected during the explorations with photographs to illustrate the flora on a web page hosted by the Missouri Botanical Garden. We supplemented the species inventory generated from this fieldwork with data from the Flora de Antioquia project, carried out by the Universidad de Antioquia and the Missouri Botanical Gardenavailable online at http: We generated ed hypothetical zone where all taxa are absent to root the dendrogram.

The analysis was carried out with the PAST3. The information generated in this project is being published in parallel on the web portal of the Missouri Botanical Garden at http: The lowest diversity was found in Paramillo, with only 98 species from 33 families.


Asteraceae and Orchidaceae are the most diverse in species number, each represented by 84 species.

Located north of the Central Cordillera in the Santa Rosa altiplano. Located in the Western Cordillera in the southwestern part of Colombbia. It covers an area of 2, ha between 3, and 3, m. Located to the southwest of the Department of Antioquia, to the north of the Western Cordillera.

University of Amsterdam (NL) – Páramo Vegetation Research, Paramo “El Almorzadero”, Colombia

It has a large number of wetlands, and its altitudinal range goes from 3, to 3, m. The high diversity of Colombai is notable, with 59 species representing Frontino-Urrao is home to vast populations of two Espeletia species that are endemic to the region: Our research revealed 55 new records of Angiosperms for this complex.

Because of this, there was limited previous knowledge of Angiosperm diversity in Paramillo. The colombla inventory shows high diversity of species in Melastomataceae and Orobanchaceae. Aylas in the southeast of Antioquia, in the Central Cordillera. Its highest altitude reaches 3, m. In this project, we registered 30 species of Angiosperms not previously reported for the complex. Found on the western part of the homonymous valley, it is composed of two steep hills that reach 2, to 3, m.


Rosaceae 12 sppSolanaceae 9 sppand Piperaceae 7 spp are particularly diverse in this complex. Explorations in this zone registered 33 species not previously reported. In Colombia there are about Rangel-Churio of the Angiosperms families recognized worldwide by Reveal and Chase The high diversity registered for Frontino-Urrao may be due to the lack of significant habitat fragmentation by praamos development or agriculture.

We believe that this result is an effect of the low sampling used in the analysis. Thus, it is possible that improving the knowledge of its flora might change biological affinities. Affinities remained the same when these analyses were repeated excluding these two areas. Melastomataceae has been reported by Lozano et al. Some genera found in the study such as Aegiphila Jacq. Similarly, through this exploration we added 21 new records of species to the inventory of Antioquia flora.


In our sampling, some rare species are outstanding too; ds collected Polygala corifolia Planch. This complex is composed of small areas on mountain peaks with agriculture threatening the remaining habitat.

The map was elaborated by Juan Parra of the Universidad se Antioquia. We thank to Dr. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Published online Sep Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

Páramo Ecosystem

Received Mar 23; Accepted Aug Open in a parammos window. Eds Flora de Antioquia: Series Biodiversidad y Recursos Naturales. Garcia N, Galeano G.

Eds Libro rojo de plantas de Colombia. Geo-ecology of the mountains regions of the Tropical Americas. Ed electronica 4 1: Listado de las plantas vasculares del departamento de Antioquia. Journal of Biogeography Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 2: A checklist of plant diversity, geographical distribution, and botanical literature.

Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden Frontiers in genetics 4: Bibliographical information and synonymy of Magnoliidae. Van der Hammen T, Cleef A. Vuilleumier F, Monasterio M.

Eds High Altitude Tropical Biogeography. Vargas O, Pedraza P. Articles from PhytoKeys are provided here courtesy of Pensoft Publishers.

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