Anthoceros ppt. 5, views ORDER: Anthocerotales • FAMILY: Anthocerotaceae • GENUS: Anthoceros; 2. SCHEMATIC LIFE CYCLE; Anthoceros is a genus of hornworts in the family Anthocerotaceae. The genus is global in its distribution. Its name means ‘flower horn’, and refers to the. became apparent that numerous features of the life-cycle had been either The genus Anthoceros was established by Micheli in , that is to say.

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With the result of the first vertical division, the daughter cells are produced, which are subjected to a transverse division producing four cells of equal or unequal size. This space is filled by mucilage. They join together end to end and form simple or branched elaters. The blue green algae Nostoc invades these air cavities through slime pores and form a colony in these cavities.

The pore remains completely open. Sporogonium is borne on the gametophyte. It produces central androgonial cells and cyycle jacket cells.

In this article we will discuss about the vegetative and sexual modes of reproduction in Anthoceros with the help of diagrams. These cavities open on the ventral surface through stoma like slits or pores called slime pores Fig.


These cells divide meiotically to form four spores. These cells divide transversely to form a jacket of six rows of sterile neck cells.

There is no seta. Each chloroplast has a pyrenoid.

It produces a primary stalk cell at the base and a primary antheridial cell at the top. The upper cell divides by a vertical division Fig. The life cycle of Anthoceros show regular alternation of two morphologically distinct phases. Phylogenetic analyses position one or more groups of charophyte algae as the sister group to land plants and reveal two distinct groups cyle land plants: You do not currently have access to this article.

Useful Notes on Anthocerotopsida Order-Anthocerotales ( Words)

Capsule forms the upper part of the sporogonium. Within few minutes they metamorphose into the antherozoids. There is a meristematic zone above the foot, instead of seta. The thallus is translucent and sub-orbicular anrhoceros outline. Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.

Unicellular rhizoids are attached to the underside of the thallus.


Reproduction in Anthoceros (With Diagram)

The spore mother cells undergo meiosis and give rise to spores. Here, the antheridial initial divides many times anticlinally producing many cells and each cell thus produced, develops into an antheridium. Eventually, the three jacket initials also divide by transverse walls. Mucilage oozes out through these slits.

A single layered sterile jacket encloses the mass of androcytes which metamorphosis into antherozoids. Thus, the upper part of the sporogonium matures first, and the basal part remains young. It is followed by periclinal division to form an outer llife of amphithecium and the central mass of cells called endothecium Fig. It is protective in function and also gives support to the weak intercalary zone.

Useful Notes on Anthocerotopsida Order-Anthocerotales (4994 Words)

The outer most layer of jacket become epidermis. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Anthoceros is either dioecious i.